People & Country
Peru is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina. Its territory covers 1.28 million kilometers and borders the countries of Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia in the east, Chile in the south and the Pacific Ocean in the West.
It’s considered an extremely biodiverse country due to the different types of habitats thriving throughout the region. The Pacific coast line in the west represents 11% of the territory and is 2500 km in length. The sierra or Andes Mountains run through the country from north to south and occupies 30% of the country, varying in altitude, allowing for different climates along the way, such as snow peaksnearthe Equator Line. The tropical Amazon rainforest in the east covers 59%, making it the largest part of land. The differing altitudes and the length of the country result in a great variety of climates, which is why Peru has 84of the 117 registered ecosystemson Earth.
Another benfit of Peru’s biodiversity is that it is highly regarded as one of the key countries providing the most types of different foods internationally. For example, thriving in different areas arepotatoes, tomatoes, corns, peanuts, cacao, avocado, lima beans and now quinoa. Also, with thanks to these climates, Peru has gifted the world with cotton, rubber and quinine.
The longest river in the world is born in Peru, the Amazon river and it is also part of the largest world reserve of sweet water and home to many endangered species. Peru has 15 natural parks and 76 reserved areas, which represents 15% of its territory or 19.5 million hectares.
The People of Peru
With a population of 32 million people in 2017, the population grows by around 680,000 each year.
About 10 million people live in the Greater Metropolitan Lima, which includes the province of Lima and the port of El Callao. Other important cities alongthe Coast are Trujillo (810,000 inhabitants in 2015), Chiclayo, Piura, Chimbote, Tacna, Ica, Sullana, Chincha and Pisco(110,000 inhabitants). In the Andes Region, the cities of Arequipa (877,000inhabitants), Cusco, Huancayo, Juliaca, Cajamarca, Ayacucho, Puno and Huaraz (130,000 inhabitants) stand out, while in the Jungle region, the largest city is Iquitos (442,000 inhabitants), followed by Pucallpa, Huanuco and Tarapoto (147,000inhabitants).
- 80% of the Peruvian population lives in urban areas including the main cities.
- Almost 9 million people are younger than 15 years old
- Elementary school availability in the country is almost at 100%, meaning almost all children get an education
- From the 8.5 million Peruvians between the ages of 15 and 29 years old, 21.5% have university education, while 14.3% have technical education
(According to INEI surveys)
Most Popular Careers Requiring a University Degree in Peru:
- Business Administration
- Industrial Engineering
- International Business Administration
- Media Communication
- Administration of Companies (Technician)
Technical Education also Plays a Role. The 20 Most Popular Careers Include:
- Industrial mechatronics
- Automotive mechatronics
- Software design
- Chemical and metallurgical processes
- Industrial electronics
- Maintenance of heavy machinery
- Maintenance of plant machinery
- Industrial automation
- Electrical mechanical technology
- Production technology
- Mining Operations
- Production and industrial management
- Maintenance and management of heavy equipment
- Irrigation technology
- Civil construction
- Hotel services
- Tourist Operations
- Technology of the food industries
- Environmental technologies
- Designs and development of digital media